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Brachytherapy for Prostate Carcinoma

Carcinoma of the prostate is the most frequent type of cancer among male individuals over 50 years of age. Treatment varies according to the stage of development in which the disease is diagnosed. If not treated properly and in due time, carcinoma of the prostate shows a high mortality rate. However, when detected in an early stage of development, the possibility of cure becomes high.

Brachytherapy is a modern and valid therapy that consists of implanting radioactive iodine seeds in the prostate.

The prefix “brachy” derives from the Greek word brakhys, for short, brief or concise. Brachytherapy thus refers to the sort of radiation therapy given at a very short distance, well localized and precise. Confirming these particular abilities, iodine seeds are small metal fragments (of roughly 5 x 1mm) responsible for releasing Gamma radiation. The implantation of such seeds is performed so that the high-dose radiation they emit concentrates on the affected gland, preserving the prostate’s neighboring tissues and organs.

The procedure may be preceded by either spinal or general anesthesia, and should last between 1 and 2 hours. In Brachytherapy, an endo-rectal ultrasound probe allows a real-timeclear picture of the prostate, and enables the determination of the number of needles to implant and the number of seeds to introduce in each needle. After the implantation of seeds, a catheter is kept in the gall bladder until hospital discharge, which occurs around 24 hours after the procedure, when the urinary function has been restored and the patient is nearly asymptomatic.

If you'd like to learn more about brachytherapy for prostate cancer, contact us via email, by calling +351 220 973 751, +351 211 379 718, +351 911 046 197, or by filling out our form. You can also contact us through our free call service to your right.


In the early 90s, surgery was the most effective method to deal with prostatic carcinoma. Along with high incidence rates of urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction, surgery entailed (as still does up to this today) general anesthesia, prolonged hospital stays, bladder catheterization, and sometimes even blood transfusion.

External radiotherapy, in its turn, treats carcinoma along a varying number of daily sessions, with specific high potency emissions released from an energy source located outside of the patient’s body, thus exposing cancer cells to significant doses of radiation and sparing neighboring tissues and organs from unneeded treatment.

Currently, surgery and external radiotherapy can be done separately or in conjunction with each other. Surgery now focuses on localized tumors not yet extended to the gland capsule.

If you'd like to learn more about oncology treatments, contact us via email, by calling +351 220 973 751, +351 211 379 718, +351 911 046 197, or by filling out our form. You can also contact us through our free call service to your right.

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